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2024

MCHAP

Villa Panamericana Santiago 2023

FRANCISCO IZQUIERDO ARQUITECTOS + MOBIL ARQUITECTOS

Santiago, Region Metropolitana, Chile

May 2023

PRIMARY AUTHOR

Francisco Izquierdo (Project Director), Patricio Browne (Project Director)

CONTRIBUTING AUTHOR

PAUR Arquitectos (Landscape architecture), VMB Ingenieros (Structural Engineer), DLP Constructora (Construction Company), Constructora Mena y Ovalle (Construction Company)

CLIENT

Alejandro Magni Ortega

PHOTOGRAPHER

Nicolas Saieh / Pablo Casals Aguirre

OBJECTIVE

The village is organized in order to create visual openings towards the park and the Andes Mountains. This visual opening is highlighted through a walk that runs along the sidewalk of Av. Los Libertadores towards the interior of the gardens of the eastern neighborhoods, which ground levels set one floor below the street. This operation helps locating the parking spaces underground and allowing the relation between public and collective spaces without fences, generating a more integrated relationship between the project community and the city.

The organization of the buildings is addressed through a field strategy in the manner of a forest, where buildings create in between spaces to colonize the site and emphases public and community spaces.

The project atomizes the program of 1,355 homes into 17 buildings with a square floor plan of 22 x 22 meters with different heights that vary between 6 and 17 floors. Each tower has a different orientation and combines diverse types of facades in terms of structure, materiality and color, in search of shaping heterogeneous community spaces.

The floors of the towers are organized in a Cartesian order that divides the floors into 9 squares, where the central quadrant contains different types of vertical circulations and common corridors, while 8 apartments are distributed in the perimeter per floor. This order provides structural efficiency to the buildings, freeing the facades from structural elements, allowing the envelope to be designed with a lightweight construction that incorporates technology, thermal efficiency and speed of construction.

CONTEXT

The construction of villages to house athletes during international sport events is traditionally an opportunity to test city models through urban design and the development of housing solutions.

The Pan American Village Santiago 2023 is part of this tradition, creating an urban housing complex socially integrated. After the games, the homes will be handed to their final owners thanks to a social and territorial integration program of the Ministry of Housing Program. The program promotes the construction of housing solutions that allows families of different incomes to acquire their first home with subsidies from the state, whose characteristics stand out for being well-located and close to services, with higher design standards and better equipment and public spaces.

The project is located in the principal site of Ciudad Parque Bicentenario, the most ambitious plan that the city has to help solving the housing crisis in Santiago, with a surface of 125 acres and a capacity for 22.000 units. Specifically, the site is in front of Cerrillos Metro station and on the side of Parque Bicentenario. These urban landmarks define the master plan strategy, which incorporates two perpendicular axes. The Paseo Panamericano, the main public space that diagonally crosses the site, connects the subway with the park and concentrates services and equipment, activating its urban character. A secondary pedestrian promenade gives access to the four neighborhoods, connects the public space with the interior gardens, whose landscaping are the center of community life of the 1,355 units of the project.

PERFORMANCE

The proximity of the village to the metro station created an unexpected benefit to its temporary users and the citizens of Santiago. The Cerrillos metro station is at a 15-minute distance journey from the National Stadium, the main sport center where competitions took place. For the opening day, the organization took advantage of this situation, changing the scheduled private bus transfer for a subway trip to the sports center. 6,000 athletes from all over the continent entered the city of Santiago through public transportation, spreading the joy of the games to its citizens. From that day on, many athletes preferred to travel on their own by subway to get to their competitions or return from them to the village, sharing with users of public transportation.

The strategy to atomize the program in search for smaller communities through heterogeneous common spaces and diversity of buildings served to accommodate the different sizes of delegations. This helped the organization and the users to have a scaled interaction: the 4 neighborhoods and its gardens were named by elements: fire, air, earth and water, and were used as rest spaces for delegation. The Paseo Panamericano was the main meeting place between countries and the Parque Bicentenario offered an extensive space to walk where the athletes also trained. The success of the project was such that the final ceremony of the athletes was held in the Village.

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