House and Peruvian Paso Horse Farm Yencalá
Oscar Borasino Peschiera
Edwin Retuerto Martínez / Borasino Architects, Frank Kevin Solano Caycho, Estefanía Mabel Castillo Palomares, Gabriela Magnor Quispe Matute, Prisma engineers
Cesar Luis Fernandini Frías
Renzo Rebagliati Beltroy
The project’s objective is to create a stud farm for the iconic Peruvian Paso Horse, a national breed with a long history and widespread following across the country.
Design strategy: Facing the vast surrounding plain, devoid of visible references, the scheme generates its own identity through a large central patio that articulates the project and offers a space of orientation and containment. The spaces for horse breeding, organized throughout the ground floor, are separated from the breeder’s home which occupies the second floor. This separation becomes evident in the main volume of the project, which sits atop a thick organic concrete structure that serves both as a shaded resting area for the horses and as a base or plinth for the house. By placing the house on the second floor, the breeder may easily oversee the activities of the stud and enjoy the surrounding landscape.
The building form is redolent of colonial arcades, both in terms of structure and function.
The project sits on a 4-hectare farm in the Chincha Valley, 200 kilometers south of Lima. The lot’s longer side runs along the east-west axis, following a gentle 1.5% slope towards the sea. Irrigated by water that descends from the Andes, the valley receives intense solar radiation throughout the year, making it one of the most fertile valleys on the Peruvian desert coast. To access the stud farm, one must cross the river and some farmland, eventually reaching the lowest point of the property. The project is placed on the highest point of the lot, which allows for a better visual relationship with the landscape.
The project’s complexity is a result of a careful reading of the horses’ daily movements and routines as well as the handling of scale (both human and animal).
Two longitudinal volumes define the central courtyard. One contains the pedestrian access ramp to the house, a smooth transition that may be read as an extension of the piano terra. The other contains the stalls and runs parallel to the natural terrain, along a slope that does not cause discomfort to the horses and better integrates the building to the land.
The large, shaded area below the breeder’s house serves as a much-needed parasol during competitions, in which horses are judged both for their beauty and resistance.