Vina Eden Winery
Fabrica de Paisaje
Pueblo Eden, Uruguay
Fabio Ayerra / Fábrica de Paisaje Marcos Castaings / Fábrica de Paisaje Martín Cobas / Fábrica de Paisaje Javier Lanza / Fábrica de Paisaje Diego Pérez / Fábrica de Paisaje
Pedro Elzaurdia / Hospitec Consultores (Project / Systems Coordination) Enrique Lanza / Hospitec Consultores (Project / Systems Coordination) Diego Camacho (Site Architect) Victoria Sanchez (Site Architect)
Viña Edén S.A.
Viña Edén is conceived as a dense object, a rock of ambiguous geometry (natural-artificial) that is progressively yet meticulously carved to protect the delicate winemaking processes. The rock therefore operates as a double metaphor: that of the mimetic recovery of the rocky surroundings (the corten steel façade, the gravity of the stone and the concrete) and that of the dialectic interplay of its multiple internal transparencies (the crystal). With its severe outside and translucent inside the project alludes to the semiprecious stones that characterize the area: amethysts and agates. A longitudinal interior circulation defined by a “wall” of wine bottles interlaced with timber boards that creates variant translucency effects separates the spaces for tourists and visitors from production spaces: whereas the former open up to the dramatic vistas through the restaurant and “floating boxes” (containers of administrative and logistic programmatic requirements), the production space is defined by the sloppy topography of the Cerro Negro and the gravitas of the rock, thus providing ideal light, temperature and humidity conditions for a gravity-flow winery. Simultaneously, the rock colonizes and spreads through a series of terraces that negotiate the adjacent topography, reconfigure it, and mediate with the distant gaze of the landscape.
The project Viña Edén asks one fundamental question: how can architecture perform at the intersection of landscape, production and tourism? Viña Edén is a boutique winery and vineyards located in the slope of Cerro Negro, nearby the rocky Sierra de la Ballena, in the South East of Uruguay, where the delicate rhythms of the landscape known as "penillanura" intercept with the dense and tumultuous vegetation of the native woodlands, creating multiple dramatic vistas and often colliding scalar references. The project is inscribed within an area of vineyards, olive groves and infrastructural episodes such as the Sierra de los Caracoles wind farm. Together with a few gastronomic developments — most notably the ones at Pueblo Edén and Pueblo Garzón — it is part of an important emergent tourist pole close to the seaside resorts of Punta del Este and José Ignacio. Our first encounter with the site revealed an incredibly rich and dynamic landscape that clashed with the otherwise monotonous landscape that characterizes a considerable part of the Uruguayan hinterland. Small dykes, a series of streams, groups of trees scattered here and there, all contribute to the creation of a picturesque scenery. The project is thus conceived as an addition to this emergent environmental, industrial, social and, ultimately, aesthetic ecology. While aspects of profitability and branding were crucial in the development of the project, it was its performance as part of this evolving landscape that interested us.